Alice in Wonderland is a 2010 American fantasy film directed by Tim Burton and written by Linda Woolverton. Released by Walt Disney Pictures, the film stars Mia Wasikowska as Alice Kingsleigh with Johnny Depp, Anne Hathaway and Helena Bonham Carter. The film was shot in the United Kingdom and the United States.
The story is inspired by the English author Lewis Carroll‘s 1865 fantasy novel Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and its 1871 sequel Through the Looking-Glass.
The film grossed over $1.02 billion worldwide, being Burton’s most successful film to date, but received mixed reviews; although praised for its visual style, special effects and Johnny Depp’s performance, the film was criticized for its lack of narrative, coherence and overuse of CGI. At the 83rd Academy Awards, Alice in Wonderland won for Best Art Direction and Best Costume Design, and was also nominated for Best Visual Effects. The film generated over $1 billion in ticket sales and, as of August 2014, it is the seventeenth highest-grossing film of all time.
A sequel, titled Alice in Wonderland: Through the Looking Glass, is set for a May 27, 2016 release.
A young girl when she first visited magical Underland, Alice Kingsleigh (Mia Wasikowska) is now a teenager with no memory of the place – except in her dreams. Her life takes a turn for the unexpected when, at a garden party for her fiancé and herself, she spots a certain white rabbit and tumbles down a hole after him. Reunited with her friends the Mad Hatter (Johnny Depp), the Cheshire Cat and others, Alice learns it is her destiny to end the Red Queen’s (Helena Bonham Carter) reign of terror (source: IMDb).
Possible stage adaptation
Walt Disney Theatrical is in early talks with Burton and screenwriter Linda Woolverton to develop the property as a Broadway musical. Woolverton authored the screenplay for Disney’s The Lion King and is also the Tony Award-nominated book writer of Beauty and the Beast, Aida and Lestat. Burton will also render the overall designs for the stage musical. Woolverton will adapt her screenplay for the stage production. Neither a composer nor songwriting team has been chosen yet. Direction and choreography will be done by Rob Ashford. The musical is aiming to make its world-premiere in London.
On December 7, 2012, Variety announced the development of a sequel to Alice in Wonderland, with Linda Woolverton returning to write a screenplay. On May 31, 2013, James Bobin began talks to direct the sequel under the working title Alice in Wonderland: Into the Looking Glass. Johnny Depp will return as the Hatter, Mia Wasikowska will reprise the role of Alice and Helena Bonham Carter will return as the Red Queen. On November 22, 2013, it was announced that the sequel will be released on May 27, 2016 and that Bobin would direct the film. Rhys Ifans and Sacha Baron Cohen will be featured in the film. On January 21, 2014, the film was retitled to Alice in Wonderland: Through the Looking Glass.
25 Fun facts about the Tim Burton Alice in Wonderland Movie
- Before Tim Burton was involved with the project, Anne Hathaway was offered the titular role of Alice, but she turned it down because it was too similar to other roles she had previously played. However, she was keen to work with Burton, so was pleased to be cast as the White Queen. She shot all her scenes in two weeks.
- Both the Red Queen’s and White Queen’s palaces were designed to resemble Cinderella’s Castle at Walt Disney World.
- Johnny Depp, who says that he likes “an obstacle” whilst filming, admitted that he found the process of filming on a green screen “exhausting“, and that he felt “befuddled by the end of the day”.
- Helena Bonham Carter’s Red Queen is a combination of two characters from the books. The Red Queen from Through the Looking Glass is a chess piece who competes with the White Queen. The Queen of Hearts from Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland is a playing-card with anger management issues, decapitation mania, and fondness for flamingo-and-hedgehog croquet. Thus, while the White Queen’s army is chess-themed, the Red Queen’s army is playing-card themed.
- This film marks the 7th time Johnny Depp has worked under the direction of Tim Burton and the 6th time for Helena Bonham Carter.
- In the opening minutes of the film, there is a shot of the moon, on which the Cheshire Cat’s face is briefly visible.
- The Red Queen and Stayne decide that it is better to be feared than loved. This paraphrases a famous quote from Niccolò Machiavelli‘s ‘Il Principe’ (The Prince): “It may be answered that one should wish to be both, but, because it is difficult to unite them in one person, it is much safer to be feared than loved.”
- When The Hatter undergoes one of his personality changes, not only does his voice become deeper but the make-up around his eyes changes and the color of his eyes become darker as well.
- The battle scene at the end resembles a chess scene from afar to pay tribute to the chess game that Alice is playing all throughout the original text, “Through the Looking Glass“.
- Alan Rickman was originally going to have his face composited onto the animated Caterpillar Absolem. He was filmed recording his voice in the studio, but the idea was eventually scrapped. The animators did, however, try to give Absolem’s face characteristics similar to Rickman’s.
- The Mad Hatter asks Alice several times, “Why is a raven like a writing desk?” This is directly from Lewis Carroll’s “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland.” Carroll admitted that there never was an answer to the question; he made it up without an answer. He did provide one possible answer years later after many requests from his fans for the answer: “Because it can produce a few notes, tho they are VERY flat; and it is nevar put with the wrong end in front.” (“Nevar” = “Raven” spelled backwards. Carroll’s deliberate misspelling is often erroneously “corrected”, obscuring the point of the joke.) Another answer, from the American puzzler Sam Loyd: “Because Edgar Allan Poe wrote on both.” Over the years, numerous others have come up with possible answers as well.
- Every person in Wonderland/Underland has a proper name. These names were invented for this movie, as in the books and most other movie versions, they are referred to only by descriptive titles. In this version the Hatter’s name is Tarrant Hightopp, The White Rabbit is McTwisp, The Dormouse is Malyumkin, The March Hare is Thackery, The Caterpillar is Absolem, The Chesire Cat is Chessur, The White Queen is Mirana Crimms, The Red Queen is Iracebeth Crimms, and the Knave of Hearts is Ilosovic Stayne. The size-changing potions are likewise named for the first time: The cake that makes Alice grow is called Upelkuchen, and the liquid that makes her shrink is called Pishalver.
- Alice’s father Charles Kingsleigh is named for Charles Kingsley, author of The Water Babies, a children’s fantasy with similarities to the Alice stories. Lewis Carroll admired Kingsley’s political views on social reform.
- Crispin Glover’s character, Stayne, has only one eye, symbolising his being a representation of the Jack of Hearts. (The Jack of Hearts and the Jack of Spades are often referred to as “One-Eyed Jack” since only one eye is visible on the card.)
- This movie unites several actors from the Harry Potter film series, including Helena Bonham Carter(Bellatrix Lestrange), Alan Rickman (Severus Snape), Paul Whitehouse (Sir Cadogan), Timothy Spall (Peter Pettigrew), Frances de la Tour (Madame Maxime), and Imelda Staunton (Dolores Umbridge).
- For the character of the Jabberwocky, Christopher Lee had originally tried to make his voice ‘burble’ (as described in the poem “Jabberwocky”). However, Tim Burton convinced him to use his actual voice, as he found it more intimidating.
- One of the hats the Mad Hatter presents to the Red Queen is Elsa Schiaparelli‘s “Shoe Hat” which was designed in the 1930s in cooperation with surrealist Salvador Dalí.
- The twisted tree that Alice passes after entering Underland from the room with the doors, looks almost identical to the tree of the dead from Sleepy Hollow (1999), another Tim Burton/Johnny Depp
- The sound effect of the JubJub bird‘s calls are the same as The Probe’s in Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home (1986).
- When the Jack of Hearts is in the Red Queens castle his eyepatch is red, when outside, it’s black.
- Tim Burton and Helena Bonham Carter’s children Billy and Nell Burton made cameo appearances as young children at the end of the film.
- The Jabberwocky is not the name of the monster in Lewis Carroll’s sequel to Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland (Through the Looking Glass.) The monster itself is actually called just the Jabberwock.
- In the 1930s, the novel was banned in China on the grounds that animals should not use the language of humans!
- Since it was first published, Alice In Wonderland has never been out of print and has been translated into at least 97 languages. Amazing! Asombroso! Sorprendente! Incroyable!
- ‘Lewis Carroll’ is a pen-name and a riddle in itself. Charles Lutwidge Dodgson took his first and middle names, translated them into their Latin form ‘Carolus Lodovicus’ reversed the words and then translated them back into English.